HOME   WISE Uranium Project   >   Mining & Milling   >   Issues   >

Issues at Operating Uranium Mines and Mills - Europe

(last updated 8 May 2018)


(Maps and boundary data are copyrighted by FOTW - Flags Of The World web site)

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning

Czech Republic   flag

General · Dolní Rožínka · Rožná

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


> View decommissioning issues

> See also: National Reports for Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (IAEA)


International uranium mining training centre to open in Czech Republic

A new international nuclear training centre where experts can learn about the methods of uranium mining will be opened in Stráž pod Ralskem by the Diamo state enterprise with support of the World Nuclear University in London. The first four-week course in the nuclear centre will take place in September and October 2006. "We expect some 15 experts from China, India, Brazil, Argentina, Kazakhstan as well as other countries to apply for the course," said Ján Slezák, preparing the training centre. (Prague Daily Monitor May 17, 2006; Mladá fronta DNES May 16, 2006)


Rožná mine / Dolní Rožínka mill

> View deposit info

> View decommissioning issues

Rožná uranium mine closed for good

On March 31, the Rožná uranium mine terminated 51 workers. Commercial uranium mining ended with the previous year. Since then, employees work at the plant's disposal facility. Rožná was the last functioning uranium mine not only in the Czech Republic but also in Central Europe. (Deník Apr. 2, 2017)

On April 27, 2017, the last carriage with mined uranium ore was rolled out from underground to the surface of the Rožná mine. (iDNES Apr. 27, 2017)

Switzerland to export 12.8 tonnes of uranium ore excavated during construction of caverns of pumped storage hydroelectric scheme for processing in Czech Republic

On Nov. 29, 2016, Switzerland will export 12.8 tonnes of uranium ore to the Czech Republic. The ore with a uranium concentration of approx. 2% was excavated during the construction of the pumped storage hydroelectric scheme of Nant de Drance in the Trient valley in Valais. The ore will be processed in the only active uranium mill in [Central] Europe [i.e. Dolní Rožínka] in the Czech Republic. (Nant de Drance SA, Nov. 29, 2016)

Czech government approves closure of Rožná uranium mine until 2017

At a meeting on 25 January 2016, the government of the Czech Republic approved a gradual shutdown of the Rožná uranium mine until the end of 2017 and commissioned assignments and measures to mitigate the negative impacts of this step. (Diamo Jan. 25, 2016)

Closure of Rožná uranium mine now foreseen for 2017

The year 2017 currently is the most likely year, until when the Rožná uranium mine in Dolní Rožínka will be operating, said Minister of Commerce and Industry of the Czech Republic Jan Mládek during yesterday's visit to DIAMO's GEAM branch. (Deník Aug. 6, 2014)
> See also: decommissioning issues

Workers' excessive radiation doses at Rožná underground uranium mine increasing even further

At Diamo's Rožná underground uranium mine, the average annual effective dose (8.2 mSv), the maximum annual effective dose (35.6 mSv !), and the collective effective dose (3630 mSv) showed an increase in 2013 over 2012.
"The relatively high effective doses imply the need to continue to perform consistently regulation of individual radiation workers in the underground mine." (Noviny Diamo April 2014)

Workers receive excessive radiation dose at Rožná underground uranium mine

At Diamo's Rožná underground uranium mine, 16 out of 442 underground workers were exposed to an effective dose greater than 20 mSv in 2012 (vs. 12 in 2011). In addition, the average annual effective dose (7.9 mSv), and the maximum annual effective dose (26.9 mSv) showed an increase over 2011.
"These values continue to affirm the need to carry out a thorough control of radiation workers." (Noviny Diamo April 2013)

Czech government approves continuation of uranium mining at Rožná

The Czech government today approved the continuation of uranium mining at Rožná. "The government has approved the continuation of mining, provided that it is not necessary to expend funds from the state budget," Prime Minister Petr Nečas said. According to recent information from the mining company Diamo, the resources would be sufficient for another five years of operation. Last year, the Dolní Rožínka mill produced 224 tonnes of uranium. (ČTK July 19, 2012)

Environmentalists oppose continuation of uranium mining at Rožná

Environmentalists reject further extraction of uranium at the Rožná mine in the Highlands, the last of its kind in Central Europe. According to recent surveys, there would be benefit for at least another five years. Ecologists do not like that the mined ore is of lower quality: the tailings pond will be filled faster because of the increased arisings of radioactive waste. "Because of the environmental impacts, mining is essentially in the red," says Edvard Sequens of Association Calla , demanding that at least further surveys should be stopped. (Český rozhlas Mar. 6, 2012)

More uranium discovered at Dolní Rožínka

New deposits of uranium worth three billion Czech Crowns [US$ 152 million] have been discovered in Dolní Rožínka. The uranium would be sufficient to continue mining for the next five years. (Hospodářské noviny Jan. 20, 2012)

Annual dose estimates for Rožná underground uranium miners still based on communist era-style method

As there apparently is no continous individual dose monitoring for the workers in the Rožná underground uranium mine, a study estimated doses based on occasional measurements of the mining aerosol - a method that has been abandoned by major miners decades ago for its inherent inaccuracies.
"In conditions at mine Rožná in 2000 - 2009, mean annual effective doses are 1.9 mSv from long-lived radionuclides, 4.1 mSv from radon and its progeny, and 2.2 mSv from external gamma radiation."
The combined dose from these three sources thus adds up to a comparatively high 8.2 mSv per year, the half of which is from radon and its progeny.

Estimates of Effective Doses Among Czech Uranium Miners, by L. Tomášek, J. Hůlka, P. Rulik, et. al., in: B. Merkel, M. Schipek (Eds.): The New Uranium Mining Boom, Challenge and lessons learned, Berlin Heidelberg 2011, p. 51-55

Miner dies in rockfall accident at Rožná uranium mine

A Slovak miner, 50, was fatally injured in the uranium mine in Rožná during tunnelling work early. The Slovak miner, shift head, was hit with rock that got loose all of a sudden when the ceiling was being torn off. (ČTK Dec. 18, 2009)

Less uranium than expected left in Rožná uranium mine

Less uranium than expected was found at the deeper levels of the Rožná uranium mine. Mining would therefore have to decline after 2012. (Právo Sep. 10, 2009)

Uranium mining at Rožná to be extended further to 2015

Exploration showed the only operating Czech uranium mine Dolní Rožínka could operate until about 2015, three years longer than expected. (Reuters Oct. 17, 2008)

Czech cabinet approves continuation of uranium mining at Rožná mine

In view of the rising uranium market prices, the Czech cabinet has approved the continuation of uranium mining at the Rožinká mine for as long as it will be profitable. According to the latest estimates, mining could be profitable until 2012, and at the current market prices could generate a profit of Kč 2 billion [EUR 71 million]. (Prague Daily Monitor/ČTK 24 May 2007)

Czech Republic rejects Uran Ltd offer to buy stake in Rožná uranium mine, investigates further extension of mine life beyond 2008

The Czech Republic turned down an offer by Uran Ltd., an Australian uranium explorer, to purchase a stake at the Rožná uranium mine. Czech Industry Minister Martin Říman said the company's involvement is not needed because the rising price of uranium means Diamo can make the necessary investments without a partner.
Říman said he asked Diamo to prepare a document for the government on a possible continuation of mining and on exploration of new deposits. He said a detailed exploration of deposits located below the existing mine would cost 250 million koruna (US$ 11.66 million). "The final decision on whether to continue in further mining and exploration will be left to the government," he said in the press release. (Bloomberg Feb. 22, 2007)

Uran Ltd submits proposal for acquisition of interest in Rožná uranium mine

Following its recent announcement regarding discussions to acquire an interest in the Rožná underground uranium mine in the Czech Republic, Uran Limited advised on Feb. 19, 2007, that it has submitted a proposal to DIAMO, the state enterprise responsible for mining at Rožná.

Uranium mining in Rožná might once more be extended

Uranium mining in Rožná could continue even after 2008, Czech Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek said during a visit to the Geam plant. Chances are great that the EU's last uranium mine will remain in operation. The proposal for continued uranium mining made by the Industry and Trade Ministry will be dealt with by the cabinet in autumn 2005. "We shall see how far we shall extend it because the deposits are there and they are plentiful," said Paroubek adding that the growth in world prices of uranium is a factor in favour of the continued operation. World prices of uranium are one third higher than the mining costs, said Paroubek.
The costs for the repair of the environmental damages are estimated at CZK 6 billion [US$ 255 million]. (Prague Daily Monitor Sep. 9, 2005)

Rožná uranium mine to be shut down by 2005

Roman Makarius, chairman of the Czech Mining Office, announced the end of the operations at the country's last active uranium mine at Rožná in 2005. (Prague Post Nov. 6, 2003)

Czech government approves further 2-year extension of Rožná uranium mine operation

On June 26, 2002, the Czech government approved a further 2-year extension of uranium mining at the country's last active uranium mine of Rožná until January 2006. The decision was criticized by Environment Minister Miloš Kužvart. (ČTK June 26, 2002)

Czech Government approves 2-year extension of uranium mining at Rožná

On November 8, 2000, the Czech Government approved the extension of the uranium mining at the Rožná mine in West Moravia until end 2003 rather than end 2001. (ČTK 8 Nov. 2000)

New effort to continue uranium mining operations

The Czech uranium mining company Diamo has started a new effort to get government approval for the continuation of its uranium mining operations at the Rožná mine for another two years after the scheduled closure in 2001. Diamo now wants to mine out readily available reserves, rather than expand its operations as proposed previously. (Hospodárske Noviny, 3 Sep 1999)

Uranium mining will not be continued after 2001

On July 21, 1999, the government of the Czech Republic reaffirmed that all uranium mining in the country will end in 2001. During the last months, Industry and Trade Minister Grégr had campaigned for the continuation of uranium mining for about four more years, to fulfill the needs of the domestic nuclear power plants. This would have included the reopening of the already shut down Hamr underground mine. Production costs would have been above world market prices, however.

Uranium mining suspended

A lack of finances at state uranium mining company Diamo forced it to suspend underground work at its Hamr and Rožná mines for two months, sending almost 400 employees home with 60% pay. (Prague Business Journal, March 3, 1999)
Uranium mining company Diamo began negotiating with unions to extend its current production suspension by another two months. (Prague Business Journal, April 21, 1999)

Plan to continue uranium mining

The Industry and Trade Ministry plans to propose to the government to delay the planned closure of the Rožinká uranium mine from 2001 to 2005. State mining company Diamo, which submitted an analysis of renewed uranium mining to the ministry, now plans to reopen a mine in Brzkov-Veznice. (Prague Business Journal, Feb. 18, 1999)

Romania   flag

General · Crucea · Feldioara

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


> View deposit infos

> See also: National Reports for Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (IAEA)


European Commission to investigate state aid into Romanian National Uranium Company

EU competition regulators will investigate whether a 95-million-euro Romanian plan to restructure the National Uranium Company complies with the bloc's state aid rules. (Reuters May 8, 2018)
> View European Commission release, May 8, 2018

Romania's National Uranium Company to get massive state aid for "restructuring"

Romania's National Uranium Company (CNU) will benefit from a state aid of some RON 440 million (EUR 97 million) for restructuring, according to a memorandum the Government adopted yesterday.
Granting the state aid is conditioned by the implementation of a restructuring plan approved by the Energy Ministry, which is the company's main shareholder. The European Commission also has to approve the financial support scheme before it is implemented.
The costs for implementing the restructuring program amount to about RON 941 million (EUR 207 million), RON 440 million of which represent restructuring aid [to be granted] in several installments between 2017 and 2022. The state will also subsidize the company's production costs and will convert into shares some of the company's debt to the state budget. (Romania Insider May 26, 2017)

Romania's National Uranium Company to lay off one third of workforce

National Uranium Company (CNU), which is in an extremely difficult financial situation, will lay off nearly one third of its employees (332 employees out of a total of 1,106). (Profit.ro Nov. 15, 2016)

Romania plans to keep National Uranium Company alive with state loan for building up national uranium reserve

The Romanian government announced on Thursday (Sep. 8) to the European Commission that it intends to grant National Uranium Company (CNU), fully owned by the Romanian state, an individual state aid for rescuing, consisting of a six month loan amounting to 62 million New Lei [US$ 15.6 million], to set up a 5-year national uranium reserve in view of the "increased instability on the eastern border of Europe," and the recommendation of the European regulatory authorities to maintain stocks of uranium for up to 5 years.
In December 2015, CNU had lost its only customer, Nuclearelectrica, which preferred to buy cheaper Canadian uranium. (Profit.ro Sep. 9, 2016)

The government has decided to provide National Uranium Company (CNU) State aid consisting of a 6-month loan amounting to 62 million New Lei [US$ 15.6 million]. (Profit.ro Oct. 5, 2016)

Romanian government approves uranium subsidies for 2010

The government offers in 2010 subsidies of 29.5 million lei [EUR 7.1 million] to the National Company of Uranium Bucharest for the production of 45 tons of uranium octoxide. The company will receive another 2.8 million lei [EUR 0.67 million] for expenditure with meals, protection equipment and personnel transport. (ACT Media Apr. 29, 2010)

New government subsidies for Romania's uranium mining company

The National Company of Uranium (CNU), the only producer of uranium in Romania, planned for this year investment of 25.7 million lei (Euro 6.2 million). Investments will be ensured from budgetary sources (18.9 million lei) and own sources (6.8 million lei). "The investment programmed to be made in 2010 are for environment protection, in exploitation, for acquisition of independent machinery and technological equipment, as well as for feasibility studies for the construction of a works of preparation-refinery, as well as the exploitation of a new ore", the representatives of the company said. CNU which belongs to the Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business Environment has 1,800 employees. (ACT Media Feb. 11, 2010)

Romania's uranium deposits sufficient to meet domestic demand for 10 years

The uranium production in Romania decreased constantly over the last decade, as several plants became unprofitable or ran out of ore and shut down. While Romania's energetic strategy for 2007-2020 mentions that the remaining uranium ores will support the functioning of two nuclear-electric units at Cernavoda for eight years, Nuclearelectrica officials declared that the reserve will hold for ten years. (Realitatea Apr. 16, 2009)

Government subsidies for Romanian uranium mines lowered

According to the Ministry of Economics, the state subsidies for the Romanian national uranium mining company (CNU) have been reduced by 14.3%. On average, the subsidies for all mining companies have been lowered by approx. 28%. (Allgemeine Deutsche Zeitung für Rumänien, Nov. 2, 2004)

Spill at uranium mine in western Romania

Several tons of waste sludge contaminated with uranium poured from a mining operation in western Romania into nearby streams and then the Fekete Körös River in eastern Hungary. (Los Angeles Times, April 20, 2000)


Crucea mine (Suceava, East Carpathians)

> View deposit info

Crucea-Botuşana uranium mine closes temporarily, as Romanian NPP operator prefers to import cheaper uranium from Canada

About 700 of the 1,200 employees of the National Uranium Company (CNU) will be made redundant this year after the Crucea-Botuşana uranium mine in Suceava County closes temporarily, as CNU lost its only customer, Nuclearelectrica, which preferred to buy cheaper Canadian uranium. (Profit.ro Sep. 9, 2016)

Crucea uranium miners resume protests staying underground

The miners from Crucea uranium mine in Suceava resumed on Monday (Mar. 2) the protests suspended in late January, under the accusations that the protocol with the Minister of Economy was not respected, according to Mediafax. They say their wages were not increased, nor were they allocated more money for the food ratio. Following the discontentment expressed on Monday morning, part of the miners blocked themselves in the undergrounds. According to sources quoted by Mediafax, the number of protesters stuck underground amounts to over three hundreds, the employees threatening to go on hunger strike. (Business Review Mar. 2, 2015)

Miner injured in rockfall accident at Crucea uranium mine

On Feb. 5, 2013, a miner, aged 53, was involved in an accident at the Crucea-Botuşana mine. The miner was surprised by falling rocks, which hit him. He was admitted to a hospital and is out of danger. (CNU Feb. 7, 2013)


Feldioara mill (Braşov)

Uzina R uranium mill, Feldioara

> View plant info

Uzina TG uranium mill project, Feldioara

Environmental approval issued for new uranium mill "Uzina TG": On Nov. 6, 2015, the Environmental Ministry issued the environmental approval for the new uranium mill "Uzina TG".
Comments can be submitted until November 13, 2015.
> View CNU release Nov. 6, 2015 (in Romanian)
> View environmental approval, Nov. 6, 2015 (ANPM - in Romanian)

CNU plans to build a new uranium mill "Uzina TG" with a capacity of 80,000 to 120,000 tonnes of uranium ore per year. The plant will be located in Feldioara (Braşov) next to the existing plant "Uzina R", which it will replace.
Comments on the EIA are invited by October 1, 2013.
> Download Public Announcement, Sep. 12, 2013 and EIA Summary (CNU - in Romanian)


Ukraine   flag

General · Ingul'skii mine · Zheltiye Vody mill

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Ukraine to supply uranium to Russia

Russia and Ukraine have signed a contract for the supply of raw uranium from Ukraine to Russia in 2016, representative of the International Uranium Enrichment Center (JSC IUEC), Gleb Efremov said. The contract was signed between JSC IUEC and Ukrainian state-run concern Nuclear Fuel. Ukraine is said to deliver natural uranium to Russia in the 4th quarter of this year. (Pravda Aug. 3, 2016)

Ukraine suspends uranium exports

Ukraine suspended uranium exports in December 2006 after failing to fill up its national reserve to the required 2,400 tons, Mykyta Konstantynov, first vice president for economic policy and corporate development at Enerhoatom, a nuclear energy generating company, said in an interview published in the May 14, 2007, issue of Kiev-based Business weekly. He noted that export restrictions would not apply to uranium purchased by Enerhoatom from VostGOK (Vostochnyy Mining Enrichment Plant) and supplied to Westinghouse (US) under a nuclear fuel qualification project with the American company. (New Europe News May 19, 2007)

Ukraine could export natural uranium

> View details


Ingul'skii mine

> View deposit info

A heap leaching scheme is under preparation at the Ingul'skaya mine.
(Licensing experience of heap and stope (block) leaching of uranium ore in Ukraine, by Riazantsev Viktor, IAEA Technical Meeting on Low Grade Uranium Ore, 29 - 31 March 2010)


Zheltiye Vody mill, Dnipropetrovsk region

> View mill info
> View decommissioning issues

Ukraine plans reconstruction of Zhovti Vody uranium mill

The reconstruction of a hydrometallurgical plant (Zhovti Vody, Dnipropetrovsk region) is estimated at UAH 400 million [US$ 49.5 million], Director General of Skhidny ore mining and processing enterprise, Oleksandr Sorokin, has said. He said that currently the processing capacity of the hydrometallurgical plant is twice more than the volumes of raw materials supplied to the plant. "We'll slightly reconstruct the Zhovti Vody plant and load it in full," the director said. (Interfax Jul. 8, 2011)
> See also: No uranium mill planned for Novokonstantinovskoye mine

State Nuclear Regulation Committee assesses technical conditions of Zheltiye Vody uranium mill tailings ponds as satisfactory

> View here


HOME   WISE Uranium Project   >   Mining & Milling   >   Issues   >